Task 2: A three-dimensional model of a constellation

Level: Primary (1.–5. Graders)

Subject: Art

Recommended age of pupils: 6–11 years old or older

Time allocated: 1-2 lessons

List of equipment needed for pairs of pupils:

  • Polystyrene (or Plasticine)

  • Wooden skewers

  • Beads of different colours and sizes

  • Thread

  • Facts about stars (location, distance, stellar classification – colour)

List of practical (research) activities:

Description – a brief summary:

The goal of the activity is to acquaint pupils with the fact that the stars of the particular constellation are not related in any way and their location in the constellation is given only by the place where we observe them.

Description – individual sections of the lessons

Work content Time Material and equipment needed Teacher’s activity Pupils’ activity

Introduction to topic – motivation

What is a constellation? 10 minutes

A notebook for recording the findings, a pencil

Describes constellations, their significance for orientation in the sky. He/she manages and assesses pupils’ activities.

In the form of group work, pupils estimate the significance of the constellations

Pre-laboratory preparation

Dividing pupils into groups, motivation, formulation of the target, assessment, a worksheet.

10 minutes

A notebook for recording the findings, a pencil

Divides pupils into groups, motivation, formulates the target, introduces the assessment criteria to pupils, distributes the worksheets, and supervises pupils when working.

Presentation of drawings of constellations; pupils complete the worksheet with tasks, cooperate within the group, and ask the teacher questions.

Practical (research) activity

Drawing of the constellation pattern.

20 minutes

A notebook for recording the findings, a pencil

Pays attention to pupils. They draw a constellation pattern according the brightest stars marked on the sheet.

Evaluation of lessons

Summary, advantages and disadvantages of constellations, presentations

5 minutes


Controlled discussion with pupils.

Disadvantages of orientation in the sky with the help of constellations

Preparation of the teacher:

Description of the activity

  1. Brief information on constellations. (10 minutes)
    Equipment: a notebook, a pencil
    The teacher informs pupils about constellations.

  2. Presentation of drawings of constellations. (10 minutes)
    Equipment: drawings of constellations (for example the Ursa Minor, the Delphinus, the Aquila, the Cygnus). Pupils can determine the names of the constellation according to the illustrated animals.

  3. Drawing of the constellation pattern. (20 minutes)
    Pupils are given sheets with locations of the brightest stars. Pupils’ task will be to draw the pattern of a constellation based on their knowledge of constellations’ drawings.

  4. Discussion with pupils about the problems with orientation in the sky with the help of constellations. (5 minutes)