 Theory
 TASKS
 3.1 Time measurement (sundials, hourglass)
 3.2 Phases of the Moon
 3.3 A calendar
 3.4 Orientation in the countryside
 3.5 Models of planets and the Sun
 Task 1: Count the dimensions of the bodies and their distances in your model
 Task 2: Make a model of the solar system using foods of a round shape
 Task 3: Make a model of the solar system from the newspaper and starch.
 Task 4: Model of the Sun
 Task 5: Model of a comet
 Task 6: Create a comet nucleus model with a similar composition as a real comet
 Task 7: Make a comet nucleus model that you can enjoy eating
 3.6 Orientation in the sky
 WORKSHEETS FOR PUPILS
Task 1: Phases of the Moon
List of equipment needed for pairs of pupils:
Worksheet, a pencil, an orange (a model of the Moon), a calendar, a light source
Description – a brief summary:
The goal of the activity is to get acquainted with the phases of the moon.
Description – individual sections of the first lesson
Work content  Time  Material and equipment needed  Teacher’s activity  Pupils’ activity  
Introduction to topic – motivation 
Introduction to the Moon phases. 
5 minutes 
Worksheet, pencil. 
The teacher tells pupils the procedure of completing the tasks. 
Pupils divide themselves in pairs, read the worksheet, and ask potential questions. 
Prelaboratory preparation 
Dividing pupils into groups, motivation, formulation of the goal, evaluation, a worksheet. 
5 minutes 
Worksheet, a pencil, an orange (a model of the Moon), a calendar, a light source. 
The teacher divides pupils in groups, motivation, formulates the goal, explains the assessment criteria to pupils, distributes the worksheets, and supervises pupils when working. 

Evaluation of lessons 
Completing the tasks in the worksheet 
30 minutes  The teacher supervises pupils while working.  Pupils complete the worksheet.  
Practical (research) activity 
Comparing the testing methods of each group – a discussion between pupils and the teacher 
5 minutes 
The teacher evaluates pupils’ work in groups. 
Pupils evaluate themselves and each other. 