 Theory
 TASKS
 3.1 Time measurement (sundials, hourglass)
 3.2 Phases of the Moon
 3.3 A calendar
 3.4 Orientation in the countryside
 3.5 Models of planets and the Sun
 Task 1: Count the dimensions of the bodies and their distances in your model
 Task 2: Make a model of the solar system using foods of a round shape
 Task 3: Make a model of the solar system from the newspaper and starch.
 Task 4: Model of the Sun
 Task 5: Model of a comet
 Task 6: Create a comet nucleus model with a similar composition as a real comet
 Task 7: Make a comet nucleus model that you can enjoy eating
 3.6 Orientation in the sky
 WORKSHEETS FOR PUPILS
Task 1: A calendar
List of equipment needed for pairs of pupils:
A worksheet, a pencil, a calendarDescription – a brief summary:
The goal of the activity is to get acquainted with the calendar.
Description – individual sections of the lessons
Work content  Time  Material and equipment needed  Teacher’s activity  Pupils’ activity  
Introduction to topic – motivation 
Familiarization with the calendar  5 minutes 
A worksheet, a pencil, a calendar. 
The teacher tells pupils the procedure of completion the tasks. 
Pupils divide themselves into pairs, they read the worksheet, ask potential questions. 
Prelaboratory preparation 
Dividing pupils into groups, motivation, formulation of the target, assessment, a worksheet. 
5 minutes 
A worksheet, a pencil, a calendar 
Divides pupils into groups, motivation, formulates the target, introduces the assessment criteria to pupils, distributes the worksheets, and supervises pupils when working. 

Practical (research) activity 
Completing the tasks in the worksheet. 
30 minutes  The teacher supervises pupils when working.  Pupils complete the worksheet.  
Evaluation of lessons 
Comparing the testing methods of each group – a discussion between pupils and the teacher 
5 minutes 
The teacher evaluates pupils’ work within the groups. 
Pupils evaluate themselves and each other. 